Theory and History of Ontology

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Selected Bibliography on the Philosophical Work of Theophrastus

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY ON THEOPHRASTUS ERESUS

Abbreviations:

FR = Fragments

FHS&G = Theophrastus of Eresus. Sources for his life, writings, thought and influence. Edited by Fortenbaugh William W. et al. Leiden: Brill 1992 (two volumes)

RUSCH = Rutgers University Studies in Classical Humanities

ANCIENT EDITIONS OF THE COLLECTED WORKS OF THEOPHRASTUS

  1. Theophrastus, of Eresus. 1541. Theophrasti Opera. Basileae.

    Edited with a preface by Hieronymus Gemusaeus and Joachim Camerarius (the first printed edition of Theophrastus' works).

  2. ———. 1605. Theophrasti Opera Pleraque Graeca Et Latina. Hanoveri.

  3. ———. 1818. Theophrasti Eresii Quae Supersunt Opera Et Excerpta Librorum Quatuor Tomis Comprehensa. Lipsiae.

    Edited by Gottlob Schneider (1818-1821).

  4. ———. 1854. Theophrasti Eresii Opera Quae Supersunt Omnia. Lipsiae.

    Edited by Friedrich Wimmer (3 volumes, 1854-1862); reprint: Frankfurt am Main, Minerva, 1964.

  5. ———. 1890. Theophrasti De Prima Philosophia Libellus. Bonn: C. Georg.

    Edited by Hermann Usener.

MODERN EDITIONS AND TRANSLATIONS OF THEOPHRASTUS' PHILOSOPHICAL WORKS

ENGLISH

  1. Fortenbaugh, William W., Gutas, Dimitri, Huby, Pamela, and Sharples, Robert W., eds. 1992. Theophrastus of Eresus. Sources for His Life, Writings, Thought and Influence. I. Life, Writings, Various Reports, Logic, Physics, Metaphysics, Theology, Mathematics. Leiden: Brill.

    Contents: Preface VII-VIII; Introduction 1; Abbreviations 15; Texts. Life (FR 1-36) 20; Writings (FR 37-55) 90; Various reports (FR 56-67) 104; Logic (FR 68-136) 114; Physics (FR 137-245) 276; Metaphysics (FR 246-250) 436; Theology (FR 251-263) 442; Mathematics (FR 264) 456; Appendix Nos. 1-4 460.

    "These two volumes represent the first fruits of an international project to produce a new collection - text, translation and commentary - of the fragments and testimonia relating to Theophrastus (c. 370-288/5 B.C.), Aristotle's pupil and successor as head of the Lyceum. The need for a new collection was apparent: the standard collection, by Wimmer, is already 120 years old, whereas we now have far better texts of many of the ancient authors in which fragments and testimonia of Theophrastus occur. Whilst classicists have devoted the past hundred years to bringing into the light the work of the major post-Aristotelian schools, the contribution of Theophrastus has remained obscure. The second printing contains corrections to the first.

    This first stage of the project presents the texts, critical apparatus and English translation of the fragments and testimonia. It contains a long methodological introduction, an index of Theophrastean texts and concordances with other collections (Scheider, Wimmer and the several recent partial editions).

    The second stage of the project, which Brill will also publish, will consist of 9 commentary volumes, planned at present as follows:

    1. Life, Writings, various reports (M. Sollenberger, Mt. St. Mary's College)

    2. Logic (P.M. Huby, Liverpool University)

    3. Physics (R.W. Sharples, University College London)

    4. Metaphysics, Theology, Mathematics, Psychology (P.M. Huby, Liverpool University)

    5. Human Physiology, Living Creatures, Botany (R.W. Sharples, University of London)

    6. Ethics, Religion (W.W. Fortenbaugh, Rutgers University)

    7. Politics (J. Mirhady)

    8. Rhetoric, Poetics (W.W. Fortenbaugh, Rutgers University)

    9. Music, Miscellaneous Items and Index of proper names, subject index, selective index of Greek, Latin and Arabic terms (several authors/editors).

    Most of the nine commentary volumes will include significant discussion of Arabic texts, with contributions by Dimitri Gutas (Yale University) and Hans Daiber (Free University of Amsterdam).

  2. ———, eds. 1992. Theophrastus of Eresus. Sources for His Life, Writings, Thought and Influence. Ii. Psychology, Human Physiology, Living Creatures, Botany, Ethics, Religion, Politics, Rhetoric and Poetics, Music, Miscellanea. Leiden: Brill.

    Contents: Texts. Psychology (FR 264-327) 2; Human physiology (FR 328-349) 106; Living creatures (FR 350-383) 134; Botany (FR 384-435) 188; Ethics (FR 436-579) 254; Religion (FR 580-588) 400; Politics (FR 589-665) 438; Rhetoric and Poetics (FR 666-713) 508; Music (FR 714-726) 560; Miscellneous items (FR 727-741) 584; Appendix Nos. 5-9 600; Concordances 619; Index of Theophrastean texts 629.

  3. Huby, Pamela M., ed. 2007. Theophrastus of Eresus. Commentary Volume 2: Logic. Sources for His Life, Writings, Thought and Influence. Leiden: Brill.

    "This volume contains commentary on the sections concerned with logic (texts 68-136) of the collection of texts published in 1992 (Theophrastus of Eresus: Sources for his Lift, Writings, Thought and Influence, edited and translated by William W. Fortenbaugh, Pamela M. Huby, Robert W. Sharples (Greek and Latin) and Dimitri Gutas (Arabic) and five others, 2 vols., Leiden: Brill, 1992). It was comparatively easy to isolate those texts connected with logic, though in a few cases there was uncertainty about whether an item was to be assigned to rhetoric rather than logic. There was also little difficulty with problems of texts where the attribution to Theophrastus is doubtful.

    The texts on which we are commenting are nearly all ones that contain the name of Theophrastus, along with a few in which only "the colleagues of Aristotle" are mentioned in a context where it is clear that Theophrastus is intended, usually with Eudemus. They are evidence for works now lost, even in translation. We have taken account, either by actual quotation or by giving references in the upper apparatus, of all such passages up to the cut-off date of 1450. Two items printed in the appendix are without attribution, and are included only as possibly by Theophrastus. To facilitate access to contexts we have added references to English translations of some passages quoted or referred to, and have given short accounts of most of the items mentioned in the upper apparatus.

    Within the commentary in some cases several items are grouped together for a general discussion, but then individual items are also treated separately. Lists of relevant literature are given either under the heading of a group or with individual items. We have transliterated short items of Greek, but quoted longer ones in the original script.

    (...)

    It was only after the bulk of this work had been written that I became aware of the important study of De Rijk, entitled Aristotle Semantics and Ontology, which in fact contains a great deal of valuable work on Aristotle's logic. I have however been able to incorporate many references to it, either in the text or in footnotes." (from the Preface).

  4. Sharples, Robert W., ed. 1998. Theophrastus of Eresus. Commentary Volume 3.1: Sources on Physics (Texts 137-223). Leiden: Brill.

    This volume contains commentary to the section concerned with physics (texts 137-223) of the collection of texts relating to Theophrastus compiled and edited under the leadership of W.W. Fortenbaugh and published in 1992 (Theophrastus of Eresus: Sources for his Life, Writings, Thought and Influence) . The collection of texts was arranged by subject matter, rather than by the known or conjectured relation of testimonia to particular Theophrastean works (cf. the Introduction to the collection of texts, vol.1 pp. 7-8), and the arrangement of topics was broadly that familiar from the ordering of Aristotle's writings in Bekker's edition. The subject matter of the present commentary might thus be loosely described as the Theophrastean counterpart to the Baker pages of Aristotle 184-390 (Physics, On Heaven, On Coming-to-Be and Passing Away and Meteorology). Commentary by Han Baltussen on the texts relating to physical doxography (224-245) will appear in a separate volume, 8.2, along with that by Pamela Huby on texts on metaphysics, theology and mathematics (246-264).

    It should be emphasised at the outset that our collection of texts is confined, with a very few exceptions, to those passages where Theophrastus is actually named, and that it is explicitly concerned with material that does not survive in Theophrastean works transmitted in MSS. We are concerned, in other words, with reports of Theophrastus' views -- sometimes quotations, but more often paraphrases -- in other authors." (from the Preface).

  5. Huby, Pamela M., ed. 1999. Theophrastus of Eresus. Commentary Volume 4: Psychology (Texts 265-327). Leiden: Brill.

    "This will eventually be the fourth of nine volumes of commentary by various authors, each relating to a part of the collection of texts relating to Theophrastus compiled and edited under the leadership of W.W.Fortenbaugh and published in 1992 (Theophrastus of Eresus: Sources for his Life, Writings, Thought and Influence). This volume covers texts 265-327, which relate to psychology and epistemology.

    This commentary is designed to be used in conjunction with the volume of texts and translations; that includes both an apparatus of parallels for each text and an apparatus of textual variations and emendations. In the commentary isolated words or phrases of Greek have been given in transliteration, with longer passages being given in Greek script. The titles of ancient works have generally been given in the same English versions as used in the text and translation volume.

    The procedure adopted in writing the commentary varies according to the nature of the passage involved. At the start of each passage there is usually a short list of pieces of modem literature; for references to such works the reader should consult first that list and then the general bibliography at the end of this volume." (from the Preface).

  6. Sharples, Robert W., ed. 1994. Theophrastus of Eresus. Commentary Volume 5: Sources on Biology (Human Physiology, Living Creatures, Botany: Texts 328-435). Leiden: Brill.

    "This is the first to appear of a projected nine volumes of commentary by various authors, each relating to a different part of the collection of texts relating to Theophrastus compiled and edited under the leadership of W.W. Fortenbaugh and published in 1992 (Theophrastus of Eresus: Sources for his Life, Writings, Thought and lnfluence). The present volume of commentary, no. 5 in the eventual series, cover texts 328-435 in the second volume of that collection, relating to human physiology, zoology and botany. The collection of texts was arranged by subject matter rather than by the known or conjectured relation of testimonia to particular Theophrastean works (cf. the Introduction to the collection of texts, vol. 1 pp. 7-8), and the arrangement of topics was broadly that familiar from the ordering of Aristotle's writings in Bekker's edition. The subject matter of the present commentary might thus be loosely described as the Theophrastean counterpart to the Bekker pages of Aristotle 436-789 (i.e. starting with the Parva Naturalia; Theophrastus' writings on general psychology will be dealt with in volume 4 of the commentary).

    It should be emphasised at the outset that our collection of texts is confined, with a very few exceptions, to those passages where Theophrastus is actually named, and that it is explicitly concerned with material that does not survive in Theophrastean works transmitted in MSS. We are concerned, in other words, with reports of Theophrastus' views, sometimes quotations but more often paraphrases, in other authors."

  7. Fortenbaugh, William W., ed. 2011. Theophrastus of Eresus. Commentary Volume 6.1: Sources on Ethics. Leiden: Brill.

    With contributions on the Arabic material by Dimitri Gutas.

  8. ———, ed. 2016. Theophrastus of Eresus. Commentary Volume 7: Politics. Leiden: Brill.

    Not yet published.

  9. ———, ed. 2005. Theophrastus of Eresus. Commentary Volume 8: Sources on Rhetoric and Poetics (Texts 666-713). Leiden: Brill.

    "The present volume (...) concerns the rhetorical and poetic fragments that are found in the second of the two text-translation volumes.

    The central sections of the commentary, i.e., III and IV, are ordered in accordance with the material presented in the second text-translation volume. Section III covers the twenty-four titles that have their primary listing in the section on the "Titles of Books." That section carries the number 666. It also includes discussion of nine titles that have their primary listing elsewhere (under logic, mathematics, physics, ethics, religion and miscellaneous items) but for one reason or another have or might be thought to have a connection with rhetoric and poetics. Each of these related titles is referred to in 666 and appears in this commentary in the same position in which it is found in 666. For example, the mathematical title In Reply to Aeschylus (137 no. 42) appears both in the source volume and in this commentary after the second work On the An of Poetry (666 no. 21) and before On Comedy (666 no. 22).

    Section IV on "The Texts" is also ordered in accordance with the second text-translation volume: i.e., the discussion of texts 667-713 proceeds in numerical order. There are, however, occasional interruptions, ten in all, when texts whose primary listing occurs elsewhere (under life, logic and ethics, among the miscellaneous items and in the appendix to the second text-translation volume) are discussed. In each case, the text is referred to in the second text-translation volume within the section on rhetoric and poetics, and discussion occurs in accordance with the position of the reference. For example, a logical text from Alexander of Aphrodisias (135) is referred to after one from Cicero (672) and before one from the codex Parisinus Graecus 3032 (673A), and discussion of the text occupies a similar position in this commentary.

    I have created a separate section on the ancient sources - Demetrius Rhetor, Philodemus, Cicero, etc. - and placed it at the beginning of the commentary proper, i.e., as Section II. An alternative would have been to reserve discussion on any given source until a text taken from that source is commented upon. Were that procedure adopted, Cicero qua source would be discussed at the very outset, for the first text among the rhetorical and poetic texts is taken from Cicero (667). In contrast, discussion of Philodemus, Cicero's contemporary, would occur much later (689A). "

  10. ———, ed. 2016. Theophrastus of Eresus. Commentary Volume 9.1: On Music. Leiden: Brill.

    Not yet published.

  11. ———, ed. 2014. Theophrastus of Eresus. Commentary Volume 9.2: Sources on Discoveries and Beginnings, Proverbs Et Al. (Texts 727-741). Leiden: Brill.

    With contributions on the Arabic material by Dimitri Gutas.

  12. Ross, Wiiliam David, and Fobes, Francis Howard, eds. 1929. Theophrastus. Metaphysics. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

    With translation, commentary and introduction by W. D. Ross and F. H. Fobes.

    Reprint: Hildesheim, Georg Olms, 1967.

    Contents: Preface VIII; Introduction IX; Sigla XXXIII; Text and translation 2; Commentary 41; Index verborum 77; Index to the Introductiona and Commentary 84-87.

    "The text as here given, the English translation, the greater part of the Introduction, and all the Commentary are the work of Mr. Ross; for that part of the Introduction which deals with the MSS., for the apparatus criticus, and for the Indexes Mr. Fobes is responsible." (from the Preface)

    "All the Greek manuscripts of this work assign it to Theophrastus. A scholion at the end adds that it was unknown to Hermippus (c. 200 B.C.) and to Andronicus (c. 85 B.C.) and does not occur in their lists of Theophrastus' writings, but that Nicolaus (i.e. Nicolaus of Damascus) ascribed it to Theophrastus. Thus the tradition that Theophrastus was its author goes back to about 25 B.C. (...)

    The title ta meta ta phusika must have been imposed on the work at some time after Andronicus' edition of Aristotle's works, from which the phrase took its origin; and may have been imposed by Nicolaus, who was the first, so far as we know, to refer to Aristotle's Metaphysics by that name. (..:)

    The essay is printed in the editio princeps of Aristotle (Aldus, 1498); in the edition of Theophrastus published at Basel in 1541 by Hieronymus Gemusaeus or Oporinus (a reprint of the Aldine), and in a reprint of this (bearing the same date) in which Priscian's Metaphrasis is added; in the Camotian Aristotle (Venice, 1552), and in the Sylburg Aristotle (Frankfurt, 1585). It is omitted in the edition of Theophrastus' shorter works by H. Stephanus (Paris, 1557), in the editions of Theophrastus by Furlanus and Turnebus (Hanover, 1605), by Daniel Heinsius (Leyden, 1613), and by J. G. Schneider (Leipzig, 1818-21), but was printed by Brandis (1) with Aristotle's Metaphysics (Berlin, 1823), and in Wimmer's two editions of Theophrastus (Leipzig, 1862, and Paris, 1866), and finally has been edited separately by H. Usener (Bonn, 1890). It is the subject of a Greek commentary by Camotius (Venice, 1551)." (from the Introduction)

    (1) Who summarizes and discusses its contents in his Handbuch der Geschichte der Griechisch-Römischen Philosophie (1835-1866).

  13. van Raalte, Marlein ed. 1993. Theophrastus. Metaphysics. Leiden: Brill.

    With an introduction, translation and commentary by M. van Raalte.

    Contents: Preface XI; Abbreviations XV; Introduction 1; Text and translation 35; Commentary 67; Chapter One (4 a 2 - 5 a 13) 69; Chapter Two (4 a 14 - 6 a 15) 164; Chapter Three (6 a 15 - 6 b 22) 250; Chapter Four (6 b 23 - 7 b 8) 285; Chapter Five (7 b 9 - 8 a 7) 330; Chapter Six (8 a 8 - 8 a 20) 362; Chapter Seven (8 a 21 - 8 b 9) 277; Chapter Eight (8 b 10 - 10 a 21) 393; Chapter Nine (10 a 22 - 12 a 2) 485; References and author index 588; Index of passages cited 598; Index of Theophrastus Metaphysics 628; General Index: English 659; Greek 668-657.

    "The history of this book is like that of the best of relationships in that it was started lightheartedly and lasted much longer than foreseen.

    Initially serving mainly as a counterbalance to the study of Greek stichic verse, the project was meant to be completed in 1983-1985, during which years the Netherlands Organisation for the Advancement of Pure Research granted me a post-graduate scholarship for that purpose. In the course of time it became increasingly clear that Theophrastus' argument, in spite of the deceptive familiarity of its idiom, defies any easy access to a consistent interpretation-even allowing for its obviously dialectical nature. This made the commentary grow to its present size, my extensively quoting of parallel passages testifying to the experience that without a careful study both of the idiom and of the kind of reasoning involved the purport of the argument remains elusive.

    The opportunity offered by Project Theophrastus to present a paper at its 1985 conference at the Institute of Classical Studies of the University of London triggered a choice of focus which is at the base of the present interpretation of the treatise. As if infected by Theophrastus' way of proceeding I have made an attempt to expose each and every question that is posed by the text, and to detect the reasons for preferring one interpretation rather than another-my prevailing criterion being the internal consistency of the argument.

    A side-effect of the somewhat unusual set-up of this book might be that it could be used as a kind of sourcebook for Peripatetic idiom; in order to help those who may want to explore this way of making a virtue out of necessity full indices have been provided.

    During all these years I had the opportunity to profit from the wisdom and erudition, and certainly did profit front the assistance and support of many people.

    First of all I have to acknowledge my indebtedness to the authors of the forthcoming Budé-cdition of the Metaphysics, and especially to Professor Andre Laks for generously sending me a copy of their completed manuscript in 1990 (and of a revised version of it in 1992), and for allowing me to make use of their apparatus criticus and to incorporate references to their interpretation of the text; in this way we have tried to minimize the drawbacks of our simultaneously working on a treatise which had been waiting for attention for so long. It will he clear that the present work heavily relies on Laks & Most's study especially where the manuscript tradition is concerned." (from the Preface).

  14. Gutas, Dimitri, ed. 2010. Theophrastus on First Principles (Known as His Metaphysics). Leiden: Brill.

    Greek Text and Medieval Arabic Translation, edited and translated with introduction, commentaries and glossaries, as well as the medieval Latin translation (by Bartholomew of Messina), and with an Excursus on Graeco-Arabic editorial technique by D. Gutas.

    Contents: Preface XIII; Acknowledgments XVII; Abbreviations and Reference Works XXI; Abbreviations of Works by Aristotle and Theophrastus XXIII; Part I. Introduction to the Texts. Chapter One. Introduction to the Essay 3; Chapter Two. The Greek Text: Manuscripts, Translations, Stemma Codicum 45; Chapter Three. The Arabic Text: Manuscripts, Transmission, Editions 75; Part II. The Texts and Translations 105; Part III. Commentary Introduction 247; Aporia 1-25 248-395; Scholium 395; Appendix. "Known by Being Unknown" (9a18-23) 401; Word Indices and Glossaries 409; Bibliography 481; Index Nominum 491; Index Locorum 499.

FRANÇAIS

  1. Tricot, Jules, ed. 1948. Théophraste. La Métaphysique. Paris: Vrin.

    Traduction et notes par J. Tricot.

  2. Laks, André, and Most, Glenn W., eds. 1993. Théophraste. Métaphysique. Paris: Les Belles Lettres.

    Table des matières: Avant-propos VII; Notice IX ; I. La question du titre et du caractère fragmentaire de l'opuscule IX; II. Caractères généraux de l'opuscule XVIII; III. Sommaire de l'argument de l'opuscule XXVII; IV: La transmission de l'opuscule XL; Bibliographie LXXXI; Sigla LXXXIX-XC; Texte et traduction 1; Notes complémentaires 25; Index nominum 91-101.

    Texte édité, traduit et annoté par A. Laks et G. W. Most avec la collaboration de Charles Larmore et Enno Rudolph et pour la traduction arabe de Michel Crubellier.

    "Le travail que nous présentons ici a débuté, en décembre 1983, par un séminaire sur la Métaphysique de Théophraste réunissant André Laks (Centre de recherche philologique de l'Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille III/Princeton University, Grec), Charles Larmore (Columbia University, Philosophie), Glenn W. Most (Université de Heidelberg, Philologie classique), Enno Rudolph (Forschungsslâtte der Evangelischen Studiengemeinschaft et Université de Heidelberg, Théologie). Pendant quatre ans, ce séminaire s'est réuni à intervalles variés, à Heidelberg, Florence ou Paris, pour approfondir le travail d'interprétation. En 1987, Michel Crubellier (Centre de recherche philologique) s'est adjoint au groupe de travail, quand nous nous sommes rendu compte de l'importance de la version arabe conservée à la bibliothèque de Téhéran. Les discussions intensives qui se sont prolongées pendant celte période fournissent la base de ce travail. Si deux auteurs signent finalement le livre, c'est qu'ils se sont chargés de l'établissement du texte grec et de la rédaction de cette édition. G. W. Most a relu les manuscrits grecs et latins et établi le texte avec l'apparat. Il a préparé les parties de l'introduction relatives à l'histoire de la transmission du texte (I et IV), à l'exception de la partie arabe, due à M. Crubellier (qui a aussi collationné les manuscrits arabes), et élaboré un premier état du sommaire (III). Une première version de la traduction, des notes, et de la section II de l'Introduction, rédigée par A. Laks (qui a également révisé l'Index des mots figurant dans l'édition Ross-Fobes), a été soumise à la critique des membres du séminaire. La mise en forme finale de l'ensemble, qui résulte du travail commun des signataires, a tiré profit des remarques de tous." (Extrait de l'Avant-propos)

    (...)

    (*) En janvier 1993, Marlein van Raalte a mis à notre disposition le manuscrit du volumineux commentaire de l'opuscule qu'elle publie chez Brill, et qui se réfère au manuscrit de la présente édition. Nous n'avons pu comparer et utiliser les résultats obtenus que dans un cas (cf. p. 69, n. 41). Elle n'a pu, de son côté, tenir compte des dernières modifications apportées à notre propre travail (cf. e.g. notre texte en 11a19-20, notre interprétation de 10b25 ou notre note 37, p. 57).

ITALIANO

  1. Reale, Giovanni. 1964. "Traduzione Integrale Con Commento De "La Metafisica" Di Teofrasto." In Teofrasto E La Sua Aporetica Metafisica, 165-207. Brescia: La Scuola.

    English translation by John Catan of Reale's translation of Theophrastus' Metaphysics in: G. Reale, The concept of first philosophy and the unity of the Metaphysics of Aristotle, Albany, State University of New York Press, 1980, pp. 392-423.

  2. Romani, Silvia, ed. 1994. Teofrasto. La Metafisica. Milano: La vita Felice.

    Testo greco a fronte, introduzione, traduzione e note a cura di S. Romani.

  3. Repici, Luciana, ed. 2013. Teofrasto. Metafisica. Roma: Carocci.

    Testo greco a fronte. Introduzione, traduzione e commento di L. Repici.

  4. ———. 1977. "Teofrasto. Testimonianze E Frammenti." In La Logica Di Teofrasto. Studio Critico E Raccolta Dei Frammenti E Delle Testimonianze, 193-223. Bologna: Il Mulino.

    A cura di Luciana Repici (testi greci e latini di 77 frammenti).

DEUTSCH

  1. Henrich, Jörn, ed. 2000. Die Metaphysik Theophrasts. Edition, Kommentar, Interpretation. München: K. G. Saur.

    " Die Metaphysik Theophrasts is the first German translation of the short (fragmentary?) work by Aristotle's pupil, Theophrastus. It is a strange destiny for the scholars of classical German philology: the main edition of the original - Metaphysica, herausgegeben von Hermann Usener, Bonn 1890 - is due to their care, but only now they arrive at a translation in modern language, after W.D. Ross and F.H. Fobes (Oxford 1929, in English); J. Tricot (Paris 1948, in French); G. Reale (Brescia 1964, in Italian); A. Laks and G.W. Most (Paris 1993, in French); M. van Raalte (Leiden-New York-Köln, 1993, in English); S. Romani (Milan, 1994, in Italian).

    Certainly Henrich uses the previous works with intelligence, particularly, Laks-Most and Van Raalte's critical enquiry and commentaries, but his purpose is to be exhaustive in every point of view: philological, historical-philosophical, theoretical-interpretative. The introduction (I) which defines the status quaestionis of research on this work of Theophrastus, about the fixing of the text, about its character and structure, it is followed by (II) the German translation with a critically revised Greek text (III) grammatical-syntactical comment to every single chapter, a (IV) precise philosophical commentary that seeks to define both the method and the theory of Theophrastus' knowledge (pp. 164-223), and also his Weltanschauung (pp. 223-287). Then we find (V) an appendix concerning fragments and testimonies of ancient authors that are extrapolated from the text of Metaphysics. Finally there is a bibliography and an analytical index of Greek terms."

    From the Review by Stefano Maso in: Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 2001, November 11.

  2. Theophrast. 2012. Metaphysik. Hamburg: Meiner.

    Griechisch-deutsch. Übersetzt und mit Anmerkungen herausgegeben von Gregor Damschen, Dominic Kaegi und Enno Rudolph. Mit einer Einleitung von Gregor Damschen und Enno Rudolph. Griechischer Text nach der Edition "Théophraste: Métaphysique" von André Laks und Glenn W. Most.

  3. Graeser, Andreas, ed. 1973. Die Logischen Fragmente Des Theophrast. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

  4. Fortenbaugh, William W., ed. 1984. Quellen Zur Ethik Theophrasts. Amsterdam: B. R. Grüner.

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY ON THEOPHRASTUS' PHILOSOPHICAL WORKS

For the logical works see: Peripatetic Logic: The Work of Eudemus of Rhodes and Theophrastus on the website "History of Logic".

  1. Alon, Ilai. 1985. "The Arabic Version of Theophrastus' Metaphysica." Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam no. 6:163-217.

  2. Anton, John P. 1998. "The Concept of Causality in Theophrastus' Metaphysics." Journal of Neoplatonic Studies no. 7:1-31.

  3. Baltussen, Han. 1992. "Peripatetic Dialectic in the De Sensibus in Theophrastus." In Theophrastus. His Psychological. Doxographical, and Scientific Writings, edited by Fortenbaugh, William W. and Gutas, Dimitri, 1-19. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

    "The nature and purpose of the De sensibus have remained unstudied ever since the text was printed as a fragment of the lost (so-called) Physikon doxai in Hermann Diels's D oxographi graeci (1879). In this paper its general structure and argument are studied from a Peripatetic point of view by using recent insights in Aristotle's use of dialectic. This procedure provides tools for testing reputable views' ( endoxa), which may then serve as a starting-point for a systematic exposition. It is shown that Theophrastus also makes use of dialectical moves to examine the theories on perception."

  4. ———. 2000. Theophrastus against the Presocratics and Plato. Peripatetic Dialectic in the De Sensibus. Leiden: Brill.

  5. ———. 2002. "Theophrastean Echoes? The De Sensibus in the Platonic and Aristotelian Tradition." In On the Opuscula of Theophrastus, edited by Fortenbaugh, William W. and Wöhrle, Georg, 39-58. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag.

  6. Barbotin, Edmond. 1954. La Théorie Aristotélicienne De L'intellect D'aprés Théophraste. Louvain: Publications de l'Université de Louvain.

  7. Battegazzore, Antonio. 1989. "La Posizione Di Teofrasto Tra Metafisica E Fisica." Epistemologia no. 12:49-72.

    "L'interprétation moderne fait apparaître de plus en plus clairement les divergences de Théophraste par rapport à Aristote. Sa critique est avant tout dirigée contre ce qui, dans Aristote, porte la marque de l'esprit platonicien, et en particulier contre la doctrine du moteur immobile. Homme de science, aveugle à l'esprit ontologique, Théophraste est rétif à tout système abstrait et global et incapable d'admettre l'idée d'une science au-dessus de toutes les autres sciences. Il représente le triomphe du pragmatisme et de l'empirisme et inaugure la séparation entre philosophie et science. Cette optique caractérise aussi sa recherche physique."

  8. Cronin, Patrick. 1992. "The Authorship and Sources of the Peri Semeion Ascribed to Theophrastus." In Theophrastus. His Psychological. Doxographical, and Scientific Writings, edited by Fortenbaugh, William W. and Gutas, Dimitri, 307-345. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

    "The purpose of this paper is to establish through an analysis of the language of the text and the arrangement of its contents whether or not the Peri Semeion is a genuine work of Theophrastus. The author concludes that it is the work of an anonymous Peripatetic, probably a pupil of Theophrastus, who had recourse to (a) two written sources, (b) oral weather lore, and (c) his own experience, and that it was probably composed c. 300 BC."

  9. Crubellier, Michel. 1992. "La Version Arabe De La Métaphysique De Théophraste Et L'établissement Du Texte Grec." Revue d'Histoire des Texts no. 22:19-45.

    "Traduction en francais, sur la base d'une nouvelle lecture des manuscripts conservés, de la version réalisée par Ishaq ibn Hunain (IX/X s.). Témoin d'un état du texte grec antérieur à celui que nous fait connaître la tradition directe, cette version offre un grand intérêt pour la reconstitution de l'original."

  10. Daiber, Hans. 1985. "A Survey of Theophrastean Texts and Ideas in Arabic: Some New Material." In Theophrastus of Eresus. On His Life and Work, edited by Fortenbaugh, William W., Huby, Pamela M. and Long, Anthony A., 103-114. New Brunswick: Transaction Books.

  11. Devereux, Daniel. 1988. "The Relations between Teophrastus' Metaphysics and Aristotle's Metaphysics Lambda." In Theophrastean Studies: On Natural Science, Physics and Metaphysics, Ethics, Religion and Rhetoric, edited by Fortenbaugh, William W. and Sharples, Robert W., 167-188. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

    "In Theophrastus's treatise, Metaphysics, we find a critique of Aristotle's metaphysical theories, but the critique strangely relies exclusively on book Lambda for the views it addresses. This fact poses a problem for both Jaeger's hypothesis that Lambda is early (why, then, would Theophrastus treat it as "the" authoritative source for Aristotle's views?), and the unitarian hypothesis that it is late (why is there "no" discussion of the views of the central books?). In the paper I try to show, on the basis of a comparison of the conception of metaphysics in book Lambda and the central books, that Lambda was written earlier; I then offer some evidence for the view that Theophrastus' critique was written during Aristotle's lifetime, before the central books of his Metaphysics were written. "

  12. Dillon, John. 2002. "Theophrastus' Critique of the Old Academy in the Metaphysics." In On the Opuscula of Theophrastus, edited by Fortenbaugh, William W. and Wöhrle, Georg, 175-187. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag.

  13. Ellis, John. 1988. "The Aporematic Character of Theophrastus' "Metaphysics"." In Theophrastean Studies: On Natural Science, Physics and Metaphysics, Ethics, Religion and Rhetoric, edited by Fortenbaugh, William W. and Sharples, Robert W., 216-223. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

  14. Festugière, André-Jean. 1931. "Le Sens Des Apories Métaphysiques De Théophraste." Revue Néoscolastique de Philosophie:40-49.

    Repris dans: A.-J. Festugière - Études de philosophie grecque - Paris, Vrin, 1971, pp. 357-366

  15. Fortenbaugh, William W. 2003. Theophrastean Studies. Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag.

    Contains 22 articles published between 1975 and 2000

  16. Fortenbaugh, William W., and Gutas, Dimitri, eds. 1992. Theophrastus. His Psychological. Doxographical, and Scientific Writings. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

    RUSCH Vol. 5.

    "The contents includes two new critical editions: Theophrastus' Meteorology and his work On Fish. Both editions are accompanied by an English translation and commentary. Also included in the volume are discussions of Theophrastus' work On Sense Perception, his Physical Doctrines and the spurious treatise On Signs. Finally there are articles on Theophrastus' notion of place, of intellect and of animal intelligence."

  17. Fortenbaugh, William W., Huby, Pamela M., and Long, Anthony A., eds. 1985. Theophrastus of Eresus. On His Life and Work. New Brunswick: Transaction Books.

  18. Fortenbaugh, William W., and Sharples, Robert W., eds. 1988. Theophrastean Studies. On Natural Science, Physics and Metaphysics, Ethics, Religion and Rhetoric. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

    RUSCH Vol. 3.

    "The majority of the papers in this volume were originally presented at a conference held at the Institute of Classical Studies in the University of London from the 25th to the 27th of June, 1985."

  19. Fortenbaugh, William W., and Wöhrle, Georg, eds. 2002. On the Opuscula of Theophrastus. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag.

    Akten der 3. Tagung der Karl-und-Gertrud-Abel-Stiftung von 19.-23. Juli 1999 in Trier

  20. Frede, Dorothea. 1971. "Theophrasts Kritik Am Unbewegten Beweger Des Aristoteles." Phronesis no. 26:65-79.

  21. Gaiser, Konrad. 1985. Theophrast in Assos. Zur Entwicklung Der Naturwissenschaft Zwischen Akademie Und Peripatos. Heidelberg: C. Winter.

  22. Gigon, Olof. 1988. "The Peripatos in Cicero's De Finibus." In Theophrastean Studies: On Natural Science, Physics and Metaphysics, Ethics, Religion and Rhetoric, edited by Fortenbaugh, William W. and Sharples, Robert W., 259-271. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

  23. ———. 1989. "Theophrast in Cicero's De Finibus." In Cicero's Knowledge of the Peripatos, edited by Fortenbaugh, William W. and Steinmetz, Peter, 159-185. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

  24. Glucker, John. 1998. "Theoprastus, the Academy, and the Athenian Philosophical Atmosphere." In Theophrastus.Reappraising the Sources, edited by Ophuijsen, Johannes van and Raalte, Marlein Van, 299-316. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

  25. Görler, Woldemar. 1998. "Thophrastus, the Academy, Antiochus and Cicero: A Response (to John Glucker) and an Appendix." In Theophrastus.Reappraising the Sources, edited by Ophuijsen, Johannes van and Raalte, Marlein Van, 319-329. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

  26. Gottschalk, Hans B. 1985. "Prolegomena to an Edition of Theophrastus' Fragments." In Aristoteles. Werk Und Wirkung, Paul Moraux Gewidmet, I: Aristoteles Und Seine Schule, edited by Wiesner, Jürgen, 543-556. Berlin: de Gruyter.

    "To sum up, the layout of the text pages would be as follows:

    1. The text, each fragment introduced by a reference to the primary source; it would use two sizes of print, one for the fragments themselves and the other for the context, but only one fount each for Greek, Roman and Italic.

    2. Three, or less ideally two, apparatus, of references to earlier publications, of secondary attestations, and apparatus criticus.

    This gives all the information needed for a first reading of the fragments: the actual quotations, enough of the context to make them intelligible, and the basic facts about the constitution of the texts and their fortuna up to the present. But it would not answer all the questions a reader may legitimately ask, and so a commentary would be unavoidable. It will have to deal with several kinds of questions:

    1. Textual problems, involving choices between the readings of different manuscripts and also, where the same fragment has been transmitted independently by several intermediaries, between the versions they present.

    2. The accuracy and extent of the quotation. This may involve some discussion of the intermediate author's motive for quoting Theophrastus and the distortions or adaptations, particularly of terminology, he may have imported.

    3. The relationship of each fragment to the others, especially those belonging to the same work or subject-group. This will necessitate some consideration of the form and subject-matter of the book from which each fragment was originally taken, and where there is sufficient evidence, its arrangement and method of treatment. But in view of the available evidence, this will in most cases fall far short of anything that could be called a "reconstruction".

    4. The meaning of the fragment and its historical context, i.e. what Theophrastus is trying to say and what place his ideas have in the history of philosophy." pp. 554-55

  27. ———. 1998. "Theophrastus and the Peripatos." In Theophrastus.Reappraising the Sources, edited by Ophuijsen, Johannes van and Raalte, Marlein Van, 281-298. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

  28. Gutas, Dimitri. 1985. "The Life, Works and Sayings of Theophrastus in the Arabic Tradition." In Theophrastus of Eresus. On His Life and Work, edited by Fortenbaugh, William W., Huby, Pamela M. and Long, Anthony A., 63-102. New Brunswick: Transaction Books.

    Reprinted as Chapter VII in D. Gutas - Greek philosophers in the Arabic tradition - Aldershot, Ashgate, 2000

  29. ———. 1985. "The Starting Point of Philosophical Studies in Alexandrian and Arabic Aristotelianism." In Theophrastus of Eresus. On His Life and Work, edited by Fortenbaugh, William W., Huby, Pamela M. and Long, Anthony A., 115-123. New Brunswick: Transaction Books.

  30. Hecquet-Devienne, Myriam. 2004. "A Legacy from the Library of the Lyceum? Inquiry into the Joint Transmission of Theophrastus' and Aristotle's Metaphysics Based on Evidence Provided by Manuscripts E and J." Harvard Studies in Classical Philology no. 102:171-189.

    "A scholium in Paris, BNF, gr. 1853, fol. 312r, provides evidence for the tradition of the Aristotelian corpus. The scholium reveals that Theophrastus' Metaphysics was not on early lists of Theophrastus' works. It also reveals that Nicolaus of Damascus in his study of Aristotle's Metaphysics (*) identified the author of the work as Theophrastus. The transmission of Theophrastus' Metaphysics is thus closely linked to that of the Aristotelian corpus. Conclusions are: that both Book L of Aristotle's Metaphysics and Theophrastus' Metaphysics were written before the central books of Aristotle's treatise as it is known to us; and that Theophrastus' Metaphysics could have provoked, in response, Aristotle' writing of De partibus animalium and De generatione animalium."

    (*) Nicolaus Damascenus on the philosophy of Aristotle - Edited by H. J. Drossart Lulofs - Leiden, Brill, 1965 (reprint with additions and corrections 1969)

  31. Huby, Pamela M. 2002. "Arabic Evidence About Theophrastus' De Sensibus." In On the Opuscula of Theophrastus, edited by Fortenbaugh, William W. and Wöhrle, Georg, 59-63. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag.

  32. Isnardi Parente, Margherita. 1971. "Théophraste, Metaphysica 6 a 23 Ss." Phronesis no. 26:49-64.

    "Le passage 6 a 23 ss. de la Métaphysique de Théophraste, si, contre l'opinion de plusieurs éditeurs, on le lit sans y supprimer aucun mot, nous donne un exemple parmi les autres et très important, de la tendance de la première Academie (et non pas de Platon lui même, la théorie qu'on y envisage ne pouvant pas être reconduite a Platon) a voir la realité, dans sa totalité, partagée en deux chaînes métaphysiques, celle des êtres qui dépendent de l'Un et des nombres (l'âme, le ciel, le temps, tout ce qui a en soi un principe d'ordre mathématique) et celle des êtres qui dependent de la Dyade indefinie, qui n'ont en soi aucune forme, ordre ou determination."

  33. Kneale, William, and Kneale, Martha. 1962. The Development of Logic. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

    Reprinted 1975 with corrections; on Theophrastus see pp. 100-112.

  34. ———. 1972. "Prosleptic Propositions and Arguments." In Islamic Philosophy and the Classical Tradition. Essays Presented by His Friends and Pupils to Richard Walzer on His Seventieth Birthday, edited by Stern, S.M., Hourani, Albert and Brown, Vivian, 189-207. London: Bruno Cassirer.

  35. Krämer, Hans-Joachim. 1973. "Zum Standort Der 'Metaphysik' Theophrasts." In Zetesis. Album Amicorum: Door Vrienden En Collegas Aangeboden Aan E. De Strycker, 206-214. Antwerpen-Utrecht: De Nederlandse Boekhandel.

    "La Métaphysique de Théophraste constitue une prise de position indépendante en face du platonisme de l'Académie; elle s'écarte sur des points non négligeables de celle d'Aristote, pour autant que celle-ci ressort des œuvres conservées, et se rapproche parfois de l'orthodoxie académicienne. On ne saurait décider si cette attitude représente un retour au platonisme, ou si Théophraste est resté à un stade ancien de l'évolution, correspondant à celui des premières œuvres d'Aristote."

  36. Laks, André. 2007. Histoire, Doxographie, Vérité. Études Sur Aristote, Théophraste Et La Philosophie Présocratique. Leuven: Peeters.

  37. Laks, André, Most, Glenn W., and Rudolph, Enno. 1988. "Four Notes on Theophrastus' Metaphysics." In Theophrastean Studies: On Natural Science, Physics and Metaphysics, Ethics, Religion and Rhetoric, edited by Fortenbaugh, William W. and Sharples, Robert W., 224-256. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

    1) The relative date of the Metaphysics ; 2) E)NERGEIA in Aristotle and Theophrastus ; 3) Eurytus in Theophrastus' Metaphysics ; 4) Heraclitus D-K 22 B 124 in Theophrastus' Metaphysics.

  38. Lennox, James G. 1985. "Theophrastus on the Limits of Teleology." In Theophrastus of Eresus. On His Life and Work, edited by Fortenbaugh, William W., Huby, Pamela M. and Long, Anthony A., 143-163. New Brunswick: Transaction Books.

  39. Long, Anthony A. 1998. "Theophrastus and the Stoa." In Theophrastus.Reappraising the Sources, edited by Ophuijsen, Johannes van and Raalte, Marlein Van, 355-383. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

  40. Mansfeld, Jaap. 1992. "A Theophrastean Excursus on God and Nature and Its Aftermath in Hellenistic Thought." Phronesis no. 37:314-335.

  41. Margoliouth, David Samuel. 1892. "Remarks on the Arabic Version of the Metaphysics of Theophrastus." Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society:187-252.

  42. Modrak, Deborah. 1994. "Theophrastus and Recent Scholarship." Journal of the History of Ideas no. 55:337-345.

    Reviewed works: On Stoic and Peripatetic Ethics: The Work of Arius Didymus. by William W. Fortenbaugh

    Theophrastus of Eresus on his Life and Work. by William W. Fortenbaugh; Pamela M. Huby; Anthony A. Long

    Theophrastean Studies on Natural Science, Physics and Metaphysics, Ethics, Religion and Rhetoric. by William W. Fortenbaugh; Robert W. Sharples

    Cicero's Knowledge of the Peripatos. by William W. Fortenbaugh; Peter Steinmetz

    Theopharastus His Psychological, Doxographical and Scientific Writings. by William W. Fortenbaugh; Dimitri Gutas

    Theophrastus of Eresus Sources for his Life, Writings, Thought and Influence. by William W. Fortenbaugh; Pamela M. Huby; Robert W. Sharples; Dimitri Gutas

  43. Most, Glenn W. 1988. "Three Latin Translations of Theophrastus' Metaphysics." Revue d'Histoire des Texts no. 18:169-200.

    "Recherches sur le texte grec utilisé par Barthélemy de Messine, Gregorius Tiphernas et l'auteur de la traduction anonyme publiée par Henri Estienne (Paris 1515) pour leurs versions respectives de la Métaphysique. Il apparaît que ces traductions reposent toutes sur des mansucripts conservés et ne peuvent guère contribuer à l'établissement du texte."

  44. Ophuijsen, Johannes van, and Raalte, Marlein Van, eds. 1998. Theophrastus. Reappraising the Sources. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

    RUSCH Vol. 8

  45. Poetscher, Walter. 1970. Strukturprobleme Der Aristotelischen Und Theophrastischen Gottesvorstellung. Leiden: Brill.

  46. Raalte, Marlein Van. 1988. "The Idea of the Cosmos as an Organic Whole in Theophrastus' Metaphysics." In Theophrastean Studies: On Natural Science, Physics and Metaphysics, Ethics, Religion and Rhetoric, edited by Fortenbaugh, William W. and Sharples, Robert W., 189-215. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

    "Detailed study of the text reveals that, in spite of its aporetic character, Theophrastus's Metaphysics contains not only a criticism of Aristotelian tenets such as the principle of teleology and the idea of an unmoved mover, but also his own suggestions for a different kind of explanation, in which the cosmos is conceived as a hierarchically structured whole bound by the natural coherence of its parts. Theophrastus's final rejection of Platonic formism -- which takes to its logical conclusion the course taken by Aristotle himself -- accounts for his affinity with both Heraclitean and Stoic thought."

  47. ———. 2003. "God and the Nature of the World: The "Theological Excursus" in Theophrastus' Meteorology." Mnemosyne no. 56:306-342.

    "The so-called theological excursus in the Arabic translation of Theophrastus' Meteorology shows a division between two kinds of causation that gives rise to serious doubts concerning the authorship of the passage. Whereas from the Metaphysics it may be inferred that Theophrastus was inclined to consider the mode of being of the cosmos, by its very essence consisting of both order and disorder, as good and divine, the excursus maintains that god is responsible only for the order in the world (which is good), whereas the nature of the world itself, with its plurality of causes, accounts for the disorder (which is bad). It is argued that those passages adduced as a parallel for the excursus (from the Metaphysics and De pietate in particular) do not bear out this claim, and that other Theophrastean texts and sources make it unlikely that Theophrastus is the author of the excursus in its present form."

  48. Rashed, Marwan. 2007. Essentialisme. Alexandre D'aphrodise Entre Logique, Physique Et Cosmologie. Berlin: de Gruyter.

    Chapitre I. Les aristotélismes possibles et l'éxegèse ancienne § 2. Le questionnaire de Théophraste 6-7 et Chapitre X. Mécanisme § 1. Eternité et absoluité: l'hésitation péripateticienne et le principe de Théophraste 261; § 2. Alexandre et le problème de Théophraste 269.

  49. Reale, Giovanni. 1964. Teofrasto E La Sua Aporetica Metafisica. Brescia: La Scuola.

    Saggio di ricostruzione e di interpretazione storico-filosofica con traduzione e commento della "Metafisica".

    Ristampa parziale in: G. Reale - Il concetto di filosofia prima e l'unità della Metafisica di Aristotele - Milano, Vita e Pensiero, 1961 (ristampa: Milano, Bompiani, 2008).

    "A complete and systematic analysis is offered of the relations between Aristotle's Metaphysics and Theophrastus book of the same title. The author has two aims. One is to clarify the historical and philosophical significance of the latter work. The other is to find external (and therefore particularly compelling) evidence in favour of Reale's unitary account of Aristotle's Metaphysics. The aporetic nature of Theophrastus' writing begs a comparison with the aporetic book in Aristotle, even though Theophrastus' aporiai are almost all internal to Aristotelian thought. Convergences between Theophrastus and the book Lambda help Reale to establish the genuineness of this book. But the main attention is on the relation between Theophrastus and Aristotle. From comparative analysis it emerges that the break Jaeger thought he detected between, on the one hand, 8 and, on the other, 1 - 7 and 9- 10 is non-existent, and hence that, following the traditional sequence, the book is thematically and philosophically a unit. As to the philosophical position of Theophrastus, Reale shows that his Metaphysics represents a serious break with Aristotle, in the sense that, by reducing metaphysics to cosmology, he almost completely loses any sense of the ontological and ousiologial dimension of Aristotle's thought."

  50. ———. 1980. The Concept of First Philosophy and the Unity of the Metaphysics of Aristotle. Albany: State University of New York Press.

    This volume is a translation of "Il concetto di filosofia prima e l'unità della Metafisica di Aristotele", Milano, Vita e Pensiero, 1967, third edition). In addition the volume includes the fourth chapter from Reale's work on Theophrastus ("Teofrasto e la sua aporetica metafisica", 1964), as well as a translation of Reale's translation of Theophrastus' Metaphysics.

  51. Regenbogen, Otto. 1940. "Theophrastus Von Eresos." In Realencyclopädie Der Classischen Altertumswissenschaft. Vol Vii Suppl., edited by Pauly, August and Wissowa, Georg, 1354-1562. Stuttgart: J. B. Metzler.

  52. Repici, Luciana. 1990. "Limits of Teleology in Theophrastus' Metaphysics?" Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie no. 72:182-213.

  53. Rudolph, Enno. 1988. " Energeia in Aristotle and Theophrastus." In Theophrastean Studies: On Natural Science, Physics and Metaphysics, Ethics, Religion and Rhetoric, edited by Fortenbaugh, William W. and Sharples, Robert W., 233-237. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

  54. Runia, David T. 1989. "Aristotle and Theophrastus Conjoined in the Writings of Cicero." In Cicero's Knowledge of the Peripatos, edited by Fortenbaugh, William W. and Steinmetz, Peter, 23-38. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

    "An analysis is given of the 16 passages in Cicero's rhetorical and philosophical works where the names of Aristotle and Theophrastus are mentioned together. Cicero joins them together so often (1) because of his great interest in philosophical successions, and (2) because he regards the encyclopedic research carried out in the early Peripatos as an example to follow in his own attempt to present philosophy to a Roman audience."

  55. Rutten, Christian, and Benzécri, Jean-Paul. 1990. " Métaphysique D'aristote Et Métaphysique De Théophraste: Analyse Comparative Des Chapitres Fondée Sur Les Fréquences D'emploi Des Parties Du Discours." Cahiers de l'Analyse de Données no. 14:37-58.

  56. Sharples, Robert W. 1998. "Theophrastus as Philosopher and Aristotelian." In Theophrastus.Reappraising the Sources, edited by Ophuijsen, Johannes van and Raalte, Marlein Van, 267-280. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

  57. Skemp, Joseph B. 1969. "The Metaphysics of Theophrastus in Relation to the Doctrine Kinesis in Plato's Later Dialogues." In Naturphilosophie Bei Aristoteles Und Theophrast. Verhandlungen Des 4. Symposium Aristotelicum Veranstaltet in Göteborg, August 1966, edited by Düring, Ingemar, 217-223. Heidelberg: Stiehm.

  58. Sollenberger, Michael G. 1985. "Diogenes Laertius 5.36-57: The Vita Theophrasti." In Theophrastus of Eresus. On His Life and Work, edited by Fortenbaugh, William W., Huby, Pamela M. and Long, Anthony A., 1-62. New Brunswick: Transaction Books.

  59. ———. 1992. "The Lives of the Peripatetics: An Analysis of the Contents and Structure of Diogenes Laertius' 'Vitae Philosophorum' Book 5." In Aufstieg Und Niedergang Der Römischen Welt, Vol. 36.6, edited by Haase, Wolfgang and Temporini, Hildegard, 3793-3879. Berlin: de Gruyter.

  60. Sorabji, Richard. 1988. "Theophrastus on Place." In Theophrastean Studies: On Natural Science, Physics and Metaphysics, Ethics, Religion and Rhetoric, edited by Fortenbaugh, William W. and Sharples, Robert W., 139-166. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

  61. Theiler, Willy. 1958. "Die Entstehung Der Metaphysik Des Aristoteles. Mit Einem Anhang Über Theophrasts Metaphysik." Museum Helveticum no. 15:85-105.

    Reprinted in: W. Theiler - Untersuchungen zur antiken Literatur - Berlin, de Gruyter, 1970 pp. 318-342

  62. Usener, Hermann. 1861. "Zur Theophrasts Metaphysichen Bruchstück." Rheinisches Museum no. 16:259-281.

    Reprinted in: H. Usener - Kleine Schriften. Arbeiten zur griechischen Philosophie und Rhetorik. Grammatische und text-kritische Beitrage - Vol. I, Leipzig-Berlin, Teubner1912, pp. 91-111

  63. Viano, Cristina. 1992. "Eraclito Nella Metafisica Di Teofrasto. Il Fr. 124 Dk E La Discussione Sui Principi Del Cap. Iv E V." Rivista di Storia della Filosofia no. 3:455-476.

  64. Wehrli, Fritz Robert. 1983. "Theophrastos." In Die Philosophie Der Antike. Band 3: Ältere Akademie. Aristoteles. Peripatos, edited by Flashar, Hellmut, 474-522. Basel: Schwabe.

    Grundriss der Geschichte der Philosophie begründet von Friedrich Ueberweg

  65. White, Stephen A. 2002. "Opuscula and Opera in the Catalogue of Theophrastus' Works." In On the Opuscula of Theophrastus, edited by Fortenbaugh, William W. and Wöhrle, Georg, 9-38. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag.

  66. Yartz, Frank J. 1998. "The Importance of Theophrastus' Metaphysics in Ancient Greek Intellectual History." Ancient World no. 29:151-160.

    "In raising important questions about the nature of In raising important questions about the nature of arché, Theophrastus puts the Greek philosophers in dialogue with each other; hence we get a sense of the intellectual history of the period, especially concerning how the view of the astronomers and empirical scientists had an impact on the notions held earlier by Aristotle."

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