Theory and History of Ontology

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  • "History Logic" and "Bibliographia" are my other websites. "Table of Contents" gives the list of the pages, for other indexes see the "Sitemap". "Modern Ontologists" contains a table with links to the pages on the most important philosophers of the 19th and 20th centuries who have written on ontology. The "Search" function can be used to find a particular author or subject.


Annotated Bibliography on Plato's Parmenides


N.B. For the critical editions and translations of the Dialogue see: Plato: Bibliographical Resources on Selected Dialogues

I will dedicate to the "Third Man Argument" a separate bibliography.

  1. Allan, Donald J. 1960. "Aristotle and the Parmenides." In Aristotle and Plato in the Mid-Fourth Century. Papers of the Symposium Aristotelicum Held at Oxford in August, 1857, edited by Düring, Ingemar and Owen, G .E.L., 133-144. Göteborg: Elanders Bokrtyckeri Aktiebolag.

  2. Allen, Reginald Edgar. 1960. "Participation and Predication in Plato's Middle Dialogues." Philosophical Review no. 69:147-164.

    Reprinted in: R. E. Allen (ed.) - Studies in Plato's metaphysics - London, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1965 pp. 43-60 and in: N. D. Smith (ed.) - Plato. Critical assessments - Vol. II: Plato's middle period: metaphysics and epistemology - Lond, Routledge, 1998 pp. 57-71.

  3. Ambuel, David. 2005. "On What Is Not: Eleatic Paradox in the Parmenides and the Sophist." In Plato's Parmenides. Proceedings of the Fourth Symposium Platonicum Pragense, edited by Havlícek, Ales and Karfík, Filip, 200-215. Prague: Oikoimené.

  4. Anscombe, Gertrude Elizabeth Margareth. 1966. "The New Theory of Forms." Monist no. 50:403-420.

    "In the relatively naive early theory of forms, Plato uses unreflectively such words as "one," "being," "whole," "same," "other"; when he came to reflect on these words and to treat them as signifying forms, he encountered many difficulties -- especially in view of his principle of "self-predication," that the form (being) is itself. An attempt is here made to delineate the "new" theory involved in the "Sophist" and "Parmenides", in two main aspects: participation of one form in another, and negation and incompatibility. A constructable model for these relations of forms is described. "

  5. Barbanti, Maria, and Romano, Francesco, eds. 2002. Il Parmenide Di Platone E La Sua Tradizione. Catania: CUECM.

    Atti del III Colloquio Internazionale del centro di Ricerca sul Neoplatonismo. Università degli Studi di Catania, 31 maggio - 2 giugno 2001.

    Indice: M. Barbanti, F. Romano: Prefazione 7; Carlos Steel: Une histoire de l'interpretation du Parménide dans l'antiquité 11; Luc Brisson: S'il (= le monde) est un. La seconde partie du Parménide de Platon considerée du point de vue de Parménide et de Zénon 41; Maurizio Migliori: L'unità del Parmenide e il suo intento protrettico 59; Franco Ferrari: Unità e oggetto del Parmenide. Problemi e proposte 85; Giovanni Casertano: Ogni uno di fronte a gioventù e vecchiaia 109; Franco Trabattoni: L'errore di Socrate 143; R. Loredana Cardullo: Il Peri Ideon di Aristotele e il Parmenide di Platone, ovvero: da un comune tentativo di "salvare" le idee verso un inevitabile scontro dottrinale 155; Eva Di Stefano: Il Parmenide di Platone e il Didaskalikos di Alcinoo 185; Francesco Romano: La probabile esegesi pitagorizzante (accademica, medioplatonica e neopitagorica) del Parmenide di Platone 197; Maria Barbanti: La teologia di Origene e la prima ipotesi del Parmenide 249; Gerald Bechtle: Speusippus and the Anonymous Commentary on Plato's Parmenides: how can the One be a Minimum? 281; Alessandro Linguiti: Sulla datazione del Commento al Parmenide di Bobbio. Un'analisi lessicale 307; Jean Pépin: Le Parménide dans les Sentences de Porphyre 323; John Dillon: Iamblichus' identifications of the subject-matters of the hypotheses 329; John J. Cleary: Proclus' elaborate defense of Platonic Ideas 341; Lambros Couloubaritsis: Georges Pachymere et le Parménide de Platon 355; Concetto Martello: Riflessi del Parmenide in Giovanni Eriugena 371; Werner Beierwaltes: L'interpretazione ficiniana del Parmenide platonico 389; Annalisa Raponi: Natorp e il Parmenide di Platone 411; Piero Di Giovanni: Il "Parmenide" di Platone nell'opera di Enzo Paci 425; Paolo Manganaro: Parmenide tra Heidegger e Platone 447-456.

  6. Berti, Enrico. 1971. "Struttura E Significato Del Parmenide Di Platone." Giornale di Metafisica no. 26:497-527.

    Reprinted in: E. Berti - Studi aristotelici - L'Aquila: Japadre 1975 pp. 297-327

  7. Bianchetti, Matteo, and Storace, Erasmo, eds. 2004. Platone E L'ontologia. Il Parmenide E Il Sofista. Milano: Albo Versorio.

  8. Bluck, Richard Stanley. 1956. "The Parmenides and the 'Third Man'." Classical Quarterly no. 6:29-37.

  9. ———. 1957. "Forms as Standards." Phronesis no. 2:115-127.

  10. Brisson, Luc. 1996. "Une Nouvelle Interprétation Du Parménide De Platon." In Platon Et L'objet De La Science, edited by Morel, Pierre-Marie, 69-112. Bordeaux: Presses de l'Université de Boredaux.

  11. ———. 2002. "'Is the World One?' A New Interpretation of Plato's Parmenides." Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy no. 22:1-20.

  12. ———. 2005. "Les Quatres Dernières Séries De Déductions Dans La Seconde Partie Du Parménide De Platon." In Plato's Parmenides. Proceedings of the Fourth Symposium Platonicum Pragense, edited by Havlícek, Ales and Karfík, Filip, 216-233. Prague: Oikoimené.

  13. ———. 2005. "Réponse a Denis O'brien." In Plato's Parmenides. Proceedings of the Fourth Symposium Platonicum Pragense, edited by Havlícek, Ales and Karfík, Filip, 257-262. Prague: Oikoimené.

    Réponse à Le Parménide historique et le Parménide de Platon pp. 234-256.

  14. Brumbaugh, Robert. 1961. "Plato on the One. The Hypotheses in the Parmenides." In. New Haven: Yale University Press.

  15. ———. 1973. "The Text of Plato's Parmenides." Review of Metaphysics no. 26:140-148.

  16. ———. 1976. "Notes on the History of Plato's Text: With the Parmenides as a Case Study." Paideia:67-79.

  17. ———. 1980. "The Purposes of Plato's Parmenides." Ancient Philosophy no. 1:39-48.

  18. Brunschwig, Jacques. 1985. "Le Problème De La "Sel-Participation" Chez Platon." In L'art Des Confins. Mélanges Offerts À Maurice De Gandillac, edited by Cazenave, Annie and Lyotard, Jean-François, 121-135. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.

    Repris dans: P. Aubenque - Problèmes aristotéliciens. I. Philosophie théorique - Paris, Vrin 2009 pp. 351-372

  19. C., Rickless Samuel. 2007. Plato's Forms in Transition. A Reading of the Parmenides. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  20. Calogero, Guido. 1932. Studi Sull'eleatismo. Roma: Tipografia del Senato del dott. G. Bardi.

    Second edition with two new appendixes Firenze, La Nuova Italia, 1977

    First edition translated in German as: Studien über den Eleatismus Darmstadt, Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1970

  21. Cherniss, Harold. 1932. "Parmenides and the Parmenides of Plato." American Journal of Philology no. 53:122-138.

    Reprinted in: H. Chermiss - Selected papers - edited by Leonardo Tarán - Leiden: Brill 1977 pp. 281-297.

    "The antinomies of the Parmenides were composed for the purpose of showing that the Eleatic dialectic of Zeno when applied to the monistic Being of Parmenides produces the same paradoxes as when used against pluralism. It is demonstrated that the second part of the dialogue is formally an elaborate parodia of the poem of Parmenides and metodically a parodia of the logic-chopping of Zeno. By this means the psychological purpose of the dialogue is elucidated, the unity of the dialogue is made evident, and its relationship to the Sophist is established."

  22. Chroust, Anton Hermann. 1947. "The Problem of Plato's Parmenides." New Scholasticism (21):371-418.

  23. Cornford, Francis MacDonald. 1939. Plato and Parmenides. Parmenides' Way of Truth and Plato's Parmenides. London: K. Paul, Trench, Trubner & co. Ltd.

    Translated, with an introduction and a running commentary by F. M. Cornford.

    Reprinted by Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1980

  24. Coxon, Allan H. 1999. The Philosophy of Forms. An Analytical and Historical Commentary on Plato's Parmenides. With a New English Translation. Assen: Van Gorcum.

  25. Cresswell, Max J. 1975. "Participation in Plato's Parmenides." Southern Journal of Philosophy no. 13:163-171.

  26. Curd, Patricia. 1988. "Parmenidean Clues in the Search for the Sophist." History of Philosophy Quarterly no. 5:307-320.

    "The paper challenges the view that in both the "Parmenides" and the "Sophist" Plato suffers from confusion about identity and predication. I claim that the arguments of part II of the "Parmenides" are not infected with this confusion. Further, I argue that part II of the "Parmenides" explores and investigates ideas (especially about being and not-being) that are crucial to the solution of the problem of not-being in the "Sophist" (a solution that does not depend on distinguishing identity and predicative senses of 'to be')."

  27. Dillon, John. 2005. "Speusippus and the Ontological Interpretation of the Parmenides." In Plato's Parmenides. Proceedings of the Fourth Symposium Platonicum Pragense, edited by Havlícek, Ales and Karfík, Filip, 296-311. Prague: Oikoimené.

  28. Dixsaut, Monique. 2005. "Les Hypothèses Du Parménide: Construire Des Mondes Conceptuels Possibles." In Plato's Parmenides. Proceedings of the Fourth Symposium Platonicum Pragense, edited by Havlícek, Ales and Karfík, Filip, 263-295. Prague: Oikoimené.

  29. Fronterotta, Francesco. 1998. Guida Alla Lettura Del Parmenide Di Platone. Bari: Laterza.

  30. ———. 2001. Methexis. La Teoria Platonica Delle Idee E La Partecipazione Delle Cose Empiriche. Dai Dialoghi Giovanili Al Parmenide. Pisa: Scuola Normale Superiore.

  31. ———. 2005. " Méthexis Et Chôrismos Dans L'intérprétation Du Parménide De Platon." In Plato's Parmenides. Proceedings of the Fourth Symposium Platonicum Pragense, edited by Havlícek, Ales and Karfík, Filip, 88-124. Prague: Oikoimené.

  32. Gadamer, Hans-Georg. 1983. "Der Platonische Parmenides Und Seine Nachwirkung." Archivio di Filosofia no. 51:39-51.

    Translated in Italian as: Il Parmenide platonico e la sua influenza in: Hans Georg-Gadamer - Studi platonici - Casale Monferrato, Marietti 1984, vol. II pp. 265-278

  33. Gardeya, Peter. 1991. Platons Parmenides. Interpretation Und Bibliographie. Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann.

  34. Gerson, Lloyd P. 1981. "Dialectic and Forms in Part One of Plato's Parmenides." Apeiron no. 15:19-28.

  35. ———. 2002. "Plato's Development and the Development of the Theory of Forms." In Plato's Forms: Varieties of Interpretation, edited by Welton, William, 85-110. Lanham: Lexington Books.

  36. Gourinat, Jean-Baptiste. 2002. "La Dialectique Des Hypothèses Contraires Dans Le Parménide De Platon." In La Philosophie De Platon, edited by Fattal, Michel, 233-261. Paris: L'Harmattan.

  37. Graeser, Andreas. 1999. Prolegomena Zu Einer Interpretation Des Zweiten Teils Des Platonischen Parmenides. Bern: P. Haupt.

  38. Hägler, Rudolf-Peter. 1983. Platons Parmenides: Probleme Der Interpretation. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

  39. Havlícek, Ales, and Karfík, Filip, eds. 2005. Plato's Parmenides. Proceedings of the Fourth Symposium Platonicum Pragense. Prague: OIKOYMENH Publishers.

    Contents: Preface 7; Constance C. Meinwald: Literary elements and dialogue form in Plato's Parmenides 9; Dimitri El Murr: La critique de la participation en Parménide, 131a-132b: unité, unicité et le paradoxe de Zenon 21; Béatriz Bossi: Is Socrates really defending conceptualism in Parmenides, 132b3-d4? 58; Karel Thein: The second "Third Man Argument": what difference does the likeness make? 75; Francesco Fronterotta: Methexis et Korismos dans l'interpretation du Parménide de Platon 88; Kenneth Sayre: The method revisited: Parmenides, 135e9-136c6 125; Filip Karfik: Par rapport a soi-meme et par rapport aux autres. Une distinction clef dans le Parménide de Platon 141; Samuel Scolnicov: The conditions of knowledge in Plato's Parmenides 165; Stepán Spinka: Relation, Sein und Zeit 181; David Ambuel: On what is not: Eleatic paradox in the Parmenides and the Sophist 200; Luc Brisson: Les quatre dernières series de deductions dans la seconde partie du Parménide de Platon 216; Denis O'Brien: Le Parménide historique et le Parménide de Platon 234; Luc Brisson: Réponse a Denis O'Brien 257; Monique Dixsaut: Les hypothèses du Parménide: construire des mondes conceptuels possibles 263; John Dillon: Speusippus and the ontological interpretation of the Parmenides 296; Index locorum 313-323.

  40. Jyiuan, Yu. 1991. "On Plato's Theory of the " Metheksis" of Ideas." Philosophical Inquiry:25-37.

  41. Kim, Sung-Jin. 1989. Die Widerspruch Und Das Urteil in Platons Parmenides. Untersuchungen Zur Platonischen Dialektik. New York: Peter Lang.

  42. Lynch, William. 1959. An Approach to the Metaphysics of Plato through the Parmenides. Washington: Georgetown University Press.

    Second edition: Westport, Greenwood Press 1969

  43. Malatesta, Michele. 1997. "One Instance of Tollendo Tollens in Plato's Parmenides 127e1-7." Metalogicon no. 10:33-40.

  44. Malcolm, John. 1981. "Semantics and Self-Predication in Plato." Phronesis.A Journal for Ancient Philosophy no. 26:286-294.

  45. Mates, Benson. 1979. "Identity and Predication in Plato." Phronesis.A Journal for Ancient Philosophy no. 24:211-229.

    Reprinted in: S. Knuuttila and J. Hintikka - The logic of Being - Dordrecht: Reidel 1986 pp. 29-47

  46. McCabe, Mary Margaret. 1996. "Unity in the Parmenides: The Unity of the Parmenides." In Form and Argument in Late Plato, edited by Gill, Christopher and McCabe, Mary Margaret, 5-48. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  47. Meinwald, Constance. 1991. Plato's Parmenides. New York: Oxford University Press.

  48. Migliori, Maurizio. 1990. Dialettica E Verità. Commentario Filosofico Al Parmenide Di Platone. Milano: Vita e Pensiero.

  49. Miller, Mitchell. 1986. Plato's Parmenides. The Conversion of the Soul. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

  50. ———. 1995. ""Unwritten Teachings" in the Parmenides." Review of Metaphysics no. 48:591-633.

  51. Moravcsik, Julius. 1982. "Forms and Dialectic in the Second Half of the Parmenides." In Language and Logos. Studies in Ancient Greek Philosophy Presented to G. E. L. Owen, edited by Schofield, Malcolm and Nussbaum, Martha, 135-154. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  52. ———. 1992. Plato and Platonism: Plato's Conception of Appearance and Reality in Ontology, Epistemology, and Ethics, and Its Modern Echoes.

    See in particular the Chapter 4: The Parmenides: Forms and Participation reconsidered pp. 129-167

  53. Nadal, J. 1984. "Rémarques Sur Le Parménide De Platon Et La Pensée Du Non-Être." Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale no. 89:11-32.

  54. Nehamas, Alexander. 1979. "Self-Predication and Plato's Theory of Forms." American Philosophical Quarterly no. 16:93-103.

    Reprinted in: A. Nehamas - Virtues of authenticity. Essays on Plato and Socrates - Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1999, pp. 176-195

  55. Niewohner, Friedrich Wilhelm. 1971. Dialog Und Dialektik in Platons Parmenides: Untersuchungen Zur Sogennanten Platonischen 'Esoterik'. Meisenheim am Glan: A. Hain.

  56. O'Brien, Denis. 2005. "Le Parménide Historique Et Le Parménide De Platon." In Plato's Parmenides. Proceedings of the Fourth Symposium Platonicum Pragense, edited by Havlícek, Ales and Karfík, Filip, 234-256. Prague: Oikoimené.

  57. Paci, Enzo. 1938. Il Significato Del Parmenide Nella Filosofia Di Platone. Milano: Principato.

    Second edition: Milano, Bompiani 1988

  58. Peterson, Sandra. 1973. "A Reasonable Self-Predication Premise for the Third Man Argument." Philosophical Review no. 82:451-470.

    Reprinted in: Nicholas D. Smith (ed.) - Plato. Critical assessments - New York, Routledge, 1998, vol. IV pp. 51-66

  59. ———. 1975. "A Correction." Philosophical Review no. 82:96.

    Reprinted in: Nicholas D. Smith (ed.) - Plato. Critical assessments - New York, Routledge, 1998, vol. IV pp. 67-68

  60. ———. 2003. "New Rounds of the Exercise of Plato's Parmenides." Modern Schoolman:245-278.

  61. ———. 2008. "The Parmenides." In The Oxford Handbook of Plato, edited by Fine, Gail, 383-410. New York: Oxford University Press.

    "Plato's Parmenides contrasts with Plato's other works in several ways. For example, Socrates is depicted as "very young" (127c5), perhaps fifteen or perhaps nineteen. Parmenides questions Socrates, who contradicts himself; in other dialogues of question and answer, Socrates typically questions others, who contradict themselves. Parmenides refutes Socrates on the topic of forms, items such as justice itself and good itself, while the older Socrates of other dialogues presents forms as central to philosophy; the dialogue thus raises the question whether its criticism of forms signals Plato's revision of views expressed in previous writings. The Parmenides is the only dialogue in which forms are the main topic. The dialogue's second part, 137c-166c, is the longest passage of unrelenting argument in Plato's writings. Its arguments arc his most puzzling." (p. 383)

  62. Prior, William J. 1979. "Parmenides 132-133a and the Development of Plato's Thought." Phronesis no. 24:230-240.

  63. ———. 1985. Unity and Ddevelopment in Plato's Metaphysics. London: Croom Helm.

    Contents: Acknowledgments; Introduction: The problem of Plato's development 1; The metaphysics of the early and middle Platonic dialogues 9; 2. The challenge of the Parmenides 51; 3. The response of the Timaeus 87; 4. The Sophist 127; Appendix: The doctrinal maturity and chronological position of the Tmaeus 168; Bibliography 194; Index 199-201.

  64. Rickless, Samuel C. 1998. "How Parmenides Saved the Theory of Forms." Philosophical Review no. 107:501-554.

  65. Rist, John. 1962. "The Parmenides Again." Phoenix no. 16:1-14.

    About Runciman (1959)

  66. Robinson, Richard. 1953. Plato's Earlier Dialectic. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

    Second edition (first edition 1941).

    See the chapter XIII: Hypothesis in the Parmenides pp. 223-280, previously published in Classical Philology (1942).

  67. Roecklein, Robert J. 2011. Plato Versus Parmenides. The Debate over Coming-into-Being in Greek Philosophy. Lanham: Lexington Books.

    Contents: Acknowledgments IX; Introduction 1; 1. Parmenides' Argument 13; 2. Parmenides and the Milesian Philosophies: "Nothing Comes from Nothing" --- Physics or Logic? 37; 3. Parmenides' Influence of Empedocles and Anaxagoras 57; 4. Plato's Socrates and His Theory of Causation 83; 5. The Parmenides: Plato's Proof of Coming to Be 121; 6. The Theaetetus: Plato's Proof That the Objects of Knowledge Are Indivisible 159; Bibliography 187; Index 195-199.

  68. Runciman, Walter Garrison. 1959. "Plato's Parmenides." Classical Philology no. 64:89-120.

    Reprinted in: R. E. Allen - Studies in Plato's metaphysics - London, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1965 pp. 149-184.

  69. Ryle, Gilbert. 1939. "Plato's Parmenides." Mind no. 48:129-151.

    Reprinted in: R. E. Allen, Studies in Plato's metaphysics, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1965 pp. 97-147, and in G. Ryle, Collected Papers. Volume I. Critical Essays, London, Hutchison 1971 (reprint: New York, Routledge, 2009) as Essay I pp. 1-44.

  70. Sayre, Kenneth. 1983. Plato's Late Ontology: A Riddle Resolved. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

  71. Schofield, Malcolm. 1996. "Likeness and Likenesses in Parmenides." In Form and Argument in Late Plato, edited by Gill, Christopher and McCabe, Mary Margaret, 49-78. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  72. Scolnicov, Samuel. 2003. "Things Worth Wondering At: A Response to Sandra Peterson." Modern Schoolman:279-287.

  73. ———. 2005. "The Conditions of Knowledge in Plato's Parmenides." In Plato's Parmenides. Proceedings of the Fourth Symposium Platonicum Pragense, edited by Havlícek, Ales and Karfík, Filip, 165-180. Prague: Oikoimené.

  74. Sellars, Wilfrid. 1955. "Vlastos and the Third Man." Philosophical Review no. 64:405-437.

  75. Silverman, Allan. 2002. The Dialectic of Essence: A Study of Plato's Metaphysics. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

  76. Steel, Carlos. 1999. "Proclus Comme Témoin Du Texte Du Parménide." In Tradition Et Traduction. Les Textes Philosophiques Et Scientifiques Grecs Au Moyen Age Latin. Hommage À Fernand Bossier, edited by Beyers, Rita, Brams, Jozef, Sacré, Dirk and Verrycken, Koenraad, 281-303. Leuven: Leuven University Press.

  77. ———. 2002. "Une Histoire De L'interpretation Du Parménide Dans L'antiquité." In Il Parmenide Di Platone E La Sua Tradizione, edited by Barbanti, Maria and Romano, Francesco, 11-40. Catania: CUECM.

  78. Sternfeld, Robert, and Zyskind, Harold. 1987. Meaning, Relation and Existence in Plato's Parmenides. The Logic of Relational Realism. New York: Peter Lang.

  79. Sweeney, Leo. 1988. "Participation in Plato's Dialogues: Pahedo, Parmenides, Sophist, Timaeus." New Scholasticism no. 62:125-149.

    "The aim of this paper is to give a synthetic and overview interpretation of what Plato intends by "participation" in several dialogues. "Phaedo", 100 sqq.: participation is the effect of the Forms' presence in things and of their having something in common. "Parmenides", 248-249: participation consists of things "being-caused-as-images-of Forms," where "cause" will in later dialogues be disclosed to be the Forms as models and goals and intellects as agents. "Sophist", 219 sqq. and 266a sqq.: by productive art intelligent agents -- human and divine -- cause products to participate through contemplation of Forms as models. "Timaeus", 26b-30d and 47e sqq.: working with the receptacle as the participant underlying all participation, the divine craftsman uses the Forms as models and telic causes in producing individual souls and bodies, together with the entire visible universe itself. "Symposium", 210e-211b, "Phaedo", 79d and "Republic", vi, 511d suggest that Plato's philosophy is not a phenomenology."

  80. Tai-Bum, Yang. 2008. Das Problem Des Nichtseienden in Platons Parmenides. Zur Neuen Interpretation Des Platonischen Dialogs Parmenides. Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann.

  81. Trabattoni, Franco. 1993. "Una Nuova Interpretazione Del Parmenide Di Platone." Elenchos no. 14:65-82.

  82. Turnbull, Robert G. 1998. The Parmenides and Plato's Late Philosophy. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

    Translation of and commentary on the Parmenides with interpretative chapters on the Timaeus, the Theaetetus, the Sophist, and the Philebus.

  83. Turner, John D., and Corrigan, Kevin, eds. 2010. Plato's Parmenides and Its Heritage. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature.

    Vol. 1: History and Interpretation from the Old Academy to Later Platonism and Gnosticism; Vol. 2: Reception in Patristic, Gnostic, and Christian Neoplatonic Texts.

  84. Vlastos, Gregory. 1969. "Self-Predication and Self-Participation in Plato's Later Period." Philosophical Review no. 78:74-78.

    Reprinted in: G. Vlastos - Platonic studies - Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1973 pp. 335-341.

  85. Wahl, Jean. 1926. Étude Sur Le Parménide De Platon. Paris: F. Rieder et

    Fourth edition Paris: Vrin 1951

  86. Wundt, Max. 1935. Platons Parmenides. Berlin: Verlag von W, Kohlhammer.

  87. Wyller, Egil Anders. 1960. Platons Parmenides in Seinem Zusammenhang Mit Symposion Und Politeia. Interpretationen Zur Platonischen Henologie. Oslo: Aschehoug.

    Reprint: Würzburg, Königshausen und Neumann, 2006

  88. Zekl, Hans Gûnther. 1971. Der Parmenides. Untersuchungen Über Innere Einheit, Zielsetzung Und Begriffliches Verfahren Eines Platonischen Dialogs. Marburg: Elwert.

  89. Ziermann, Christoph. 2004. Platons Negative Dialektik. Eine Untersuchung Der Dialoge "Sophistes" Und "Parmenides". Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann.