Theory and History of Ontology

by Raul Corazzon | e-mail:

FEBRUARY 18th, 2018: THIS SITE WILL BE NO FURTHER UPDATED. PLEASE USE: Theory and History of Ontology

ebook: Ontology | Logic

Download site as a PDF or eBook


  • "History Logic" and "Bibliographia" are my other websites. "Table of Contents" gives the list of the pages, for other indexes see the "Sitemap". "Modern Ontologists" contains a table with links to the pages on the most important philosophers of the 19th and 20th centuries who have written on ontology. The "Search" function can be used to find a particular author or subject.


Proceedings of the Symposium Platonicum, Aristotelicum Hellenisticum


  1. Eggers, Lan Conrado, ed. 1987. Platón: Los Diálogos Tardíos. Ciudad de México: Editorial UNAM-Instituto de Investigaciones Filósoficas.

    Proceedings of the First Symposium Platonicum, Ciudad de México, 1986.

    Reprint: Sankt Augustin: Academia Verlag,1994 and 2001 (International Plato Studies, vol. 3).

    Contents: Conrado Eggers: Presentación; Livio Rossetti: Sui rischi di un’attitudine troppo benevola dell’interprete verso il testo: il caso del Politico; Ute Schmidt Osmanczik: Epichereîn… Katà Pólin Therapeían Téchnei Gnorízein. En torno al Político de Platón; Conrado Eggers: Dios en la ontología del Parménides; T.M. Robinson: Sobre la fecha de composición del Timeo; Giuseppe Mazzara: Teeteto. 201e-208b. Totalità ( Holon) e insieme ( Pan): un problema di non facile soluzione; Enrique Hülsz Piccone: Aporía y dialéctica en el Teeteto; Alfonso Gómez-Lobo: Autopredicación; Christopher Rowe: Public and Private Speaking in Plato’s Later Dialogues; Juliana González: Psique y Eros en el Fedro; Antonio Gómez Robledo: La ley en el pensamiento platónico; Discusión: La autenticidad de la carta VII.

  2. Rossetti, Livio, ed. 1992. Understanding the Phaedrus. Sankt Augustin: Academia Verlag.

    Second Symposium Platonicum, Perugia, 1-6 settembre 1989.

    International Plato Studies, vol. 1.

  3. Rowe, Christopher J., ed. 1995. Reading the Statesman. Sankt Augustin: Academia Verlag.

    Third Symposium Platonicum, Bristol 1992.

    International Plato Studies, vol. 4.

  4. Calvo, Tomás, and Brisson, Luc, eds. 1997. Interpreting the Timaeus - Critias. Sankt Augustn: Academia Verlag.

    Fourth Symposium Platonicum, Granada, 1995.

    International Plato Studies, vol. 9.

  5. On Plato: Euthydemus, Lysis, Charmides. 2001. Sankt Augustn: Academia Verlag.

    Fifth Symposium Platonicum, Toronto, 1998.

    International Plato Studies, vol. 13.

  6. Scolnicov, Samuel, and Brisson, Luc, eds. 2003. Platos' Laws: From Theory into Practice. Sankt Augustin: Academia Verlag.

    Sixth Symposium Platonicum, Jerusalem, 2001.

    International Plato Studies, vol. 15.

  7. Erler, Michael, and Brisson, Luc, eds. 2007. Gorgias - Menon. Sankt Augustin: Academia Verlag.

    Seventh Symposium Platonicum, Würzburg, 2004.

    International Plato Studies, vol. 25.

  8. Dillon, John, and Brisson, Luc, eds. 2009. Plato's Philebus. Sankt Augustin: Academia Verlag.

    Eighth Symposium Platonicum, Dublin, 2007.

    International Plato Studies, vol. 26.

  9. Notomi, Noburu, and Brisson, Luc, eds. 2013. Dialogues on Plato's Politeia (Republic). Sankt Augustin: Academia Verlag.

    Ninth Symposium Platonicum, Tokio, 2010.

    International Plato Studies, vol. 31.


  1. Havlicek, Ales, and Karkif, Filip, eds. 1998. The Republic and the Laws of Plato. Prague: Oikoumene.

    First Symposium Platonicum Pragense.

  2. ———, eds. 2001. Plato's Phaedo. Prague: Oikoumene.

    Second Symposium Platonicum Pragense.

  3. ———, eds. 2003. Plato's Protagoras. Prague: Oikoumene.

    Third Symposium Platonicum Pragense.

  4. ———, eds. 2005. Plato's Parmenides. Prague: Oikoumene.

    Fourth Symposium Platonicum Pragense.

  5. Havlicek, Ales, and Cajthaml, Martin, eds. 2007. Plato's Symposium. Prague: Oikoumene.

    Fifth Symposium Platonicum Pragense.

  6. Havlicek, Ales, Karkif, Filip, and Spinka, Stepan, eds. 2009. Plato's Theaetetus. Prague: Oikoumene.

    Sixth Symposium Platonicum Pragense.

  7. Havlicek, Ales, and Karkif, Filip, eds. 2011. Plato's Sophist. Prague: Oikoumene.

    Seventh Symposium Platonicum Pragense.

  8. Havlicek, Ales, Jirsa, Jakub, and Thein, Karel, eds. 2013. Plato's Statesman. Prague: Oikoumene.

    Eighth Symposium Platonicum Pragense.


  1. Düring, Ingemar, and Owen, Gwilym Ellis Lane, eds. 1960. Aristotle and Plato in the Mid-Fourth Century. Göteborg: Studia Graeca et Latina Gothoburgensia.

    Papers of the [First] Symposium Aristotelicum held at Oxford in August 1957.

  2. Aristote Et Les Problèmes De Méthode. 1961. Louvain: Publications universitaires.

    [Deuxième] Symposium Aristotelicum, tenu à Louvain du 24 août au 1er septembre 1960.

  3. Owen, Gwilym Ellis Lane, ed. 1968. Aristotle on Dialectic: The Topics. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

    Proceedings of the Third Symposium Aristotelicum, Oxford, 1963.

  4. Düring, Ingemar, ed. 1969. Naturphilosophie Bei Aristoteles Und Theophrast. Heidelberg: Lothar Stiehm Verlag.

    Verhandlungen des 4. Symposium Aristotelicum veranstaltet in Göteborg, August, 1966.

  5. Moraux, Paul, and Harlfinger, Dieter, eds. 1971. Untersuchungen Zur Eudemischen Ethik. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

    Akten des 5. Symposium Aristotelicum, Oosterbeek, Niederlande, 21.-29. August 1969.

  6. Aubenque, Pierre, ed. 1979. Études Sur La Métaphysique D'aristote. Paris: Vrin.

    Actes du VI. Symposium Aristotelicum, Cerisy-la-Salle, 1972.

  7. Lloyd, Geoffrey Ernest Richard, and Owen, Gwilym Ellis Lane, eds. 1979. Aristotle on Mind and the Senses. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Proceedings of the Seventh Symposium Aristotelicum, Cambridge, 1975.

  8. Berti, Enrico, ed. 1981. Aristotle on Science: The Posterior Analytics. Padova: Antenore.

    Proceedings of the Eight Symposium Aristotelicum, Padua from September 7 to 15, 1978.

  9. Moraux, Paul, and Wiesner, Jürgen, eds. 1983. Zweifelhaftes Im Corpus Aristotelicum. Studien Zu Einigen Dubia. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

    Akten des IX. Symposium Aristotelicum, Berlin, 7.-16. September 1981.

  10. Graeser, Andreas, ed. 1987. Mathematik Und Metaphysik Bei Aristoteles / Mathematics and Metaphysics in Aristotle. Bern, Stuttgart: P. Haupt.

    Akten des X. Symposium Aristotelicum, Sigriswil, 6.-12. September 1984.

  11. Patzig, Günther, ed. 1990. Aristoteles Politik. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

    Akten des XI. Symposium Aristotelicum: Friedrichshafen/Bodensee, 25.8.-3.9.1987.

  12. Furley, David, and Nehamas, Alexander, eds. 1994. Aristotle's Rhetoric. Philosophical Essays. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

    Proceedings of the Twelfth Symposium Aristotelicum, Princeton, 1990.

  13. [Aristotle's De Interpretatione]. 1994.


    "The XIIIth meeting of the Symposium Aristotelicum, which took place in 1993 on the De Interpretatione, had a very strange and very sad history. True enough, it took place in the enchanting decor of the Certosa di Pontignano, near Siena; and, as usual, it offered contributions and discussions of the highest order. But this time the publication of the papers met with insurmountable obstacles. It had been initially entrusted to Mario Mignucci and Michael Frede, two of the most faithful and devoted participants in the Symposium. Most infortunately, however, they were both wrenched from our admiration and affection, Mario Mignucci in 2004, after a protracted and merciless disease, Michael Frede in 2007, owing to an unpredictable, sudden accident. The inevitable ensuing delay for the publication of the XIIIth Symposium has not been caught up with so far and those members of the Organization Committee whom I have been able to contact told me that, in their opinion, it ran a strong risk of never being caught up at all, alas." p. 35.

    Jacques Brunschwig, Le chapitre 1 du 'De Interpretatione'. Aristote, Ammonius et nous, Laval Philosophique et Théologique, 64, 2008, pp. 35-87.

  14. Frede, Michael, and Charles, David, eds. 2000. Aristotle's Metaphysics Lambda. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

    Proceedings of the Fourteenth Symposium Aristotelicum, Oxford, 1996.

  15. Haas, Frans de, and Mansfeld, Jaap, eds. 2004. Aristotle: On Generation and Corruption, Book 1. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

    Proceedings of the Fiftheenth Symposium Aristotelicum, Deurne, 1999.

  16. Crubellier, Michel, and Laks, André, eds. 2009. Aristotle: Metaphysics Beta. New York: Oxford University Press.

    Proceedings of the Sixteenth Symposium Aristotelicum, Lille, 2002.

  17. Natali, Carlo, ed. 2009. Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics, Book 7. New York: Oxford University Press.

    Seventeenth Symposium Aristotelicum, Venezia 11-16 luglio 2005.

  18. Steel, Carlos, ed. 2012. Aristotle's Metaphysics Alpha. New York: Oxford University Press.

    Proceedings of the Eighteenth Symposium Aristotelicum, Leuven, 2008.

  19. Aristotle's De Motu Animalium. 2015.

    Nineteenth Symposium Aristotelicum, Munich, 2011.

    Not yet published.

  20. Aristotle's Physics Book I. 2016.

    Twentieth Symposium Aristotelicum, Delphi 2014.

    Not yet published.


  1. Schofield, Malcolm, Burnyeat, Myles, and Barnes, Jonathan, eds. 1980. Doubt and Dogmatism. Studies in Hellenistic Epistemology. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

    First Symposium Hellenisticum, Oxford, 1978.

    Contents: G. E. L. Owen: Preface V; Acknowledgements VII; Note to the Reader XI-XII; 1. David Sedley: The Protagonists 1; 2. M. F. Burnyeat: Can the Sceptic Live his Scepticism? 20; 3. Gisela Striker: Sceptical Strategies 54; 4. Julia Annas: Truth and Knowledge 84; 5. C.C. W. Taylor: 'All Perceptions are True' 105; 6. Jacques Brunschwig: Proof Defined 125; 7. Jonathan Barnes: Proof Destroyed: 161; 8. Claude Imbert: Stoic Logic and Alexandrian Poetics 182; 9. Michel Frede: The Original Notion of Cause 217; 10. Richard Sorabji: Causation, Laws, and Necessity 250; 11. Malcolm Schofield: Preconception, Argument, and God 283; Select Bibliography 309; Index Locorum 317; Index of Greek Words 333; General Index 335-342.

  2. Barnes, Jonathan, Brunschwig, Jacques, Burnyeat, Myles, and Schofield, Malcolm, eds. 1982. Science and Speculation. Studies in Hellenistic Theory and Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Second Symposium Hellenisticum, Paris, 1980.

    Contents: Victor Goldschmidt: Preface IX; Acknowledgements XVII; Jonathan Barnes: Introduction XIX; Bibliographical note XXV; Chronological table XXVII; 1. Michael Frede: The method of the so-called Methodical school of medicine 1; 2. Jonathan Barnes: Medicine, experience and logic 24; 3. Ian Mueller: Geometry and scepticism 69; 4. François De Gandt: Force et science des machines 96; 5. G. E. R. Lloyd: Observational error in later Greek science 128; 6. A. A. Long: Astrology: arguments pro and contra 165; 7. M. F. Burnyeat: The origins of non-deductive inference 193; 8. David Sedley: On Signs 239; 9. Jean-Paul Dumont: Confirmation et disconfirmation 273; 10. Victor Goldschmidt: La theorie epicurienne du droit 304; Indexes (i) Passages 327, (ii) General index 341, (iii) Index and glossary of Greek terms 349-351.

  3. Schofield, Malcolm, and Striker, Gisela, eds. 1986. The Norms of Nature. Studies in Hellenistic Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Third Symposium Hellenisticum, Bad Homburg, 1983.

    Contents: Acknowledgements; G. Patzig: Preface;

    Part I. Argument, belief and emotion.

    1. J. Annas: Doing without objective values: ancient and modern strategies 3; 2. M. Nussbaum: 2 Therapeutic arguments: Epicurus and Aristotle 31; 3. D. Furley: Nothing to us? 75; 4. M. Frede: The Stoic doctrine of the affections of the soul 93;

    Part II. Ethical foundations and the summum bonum.

    5. J. Brunschwig: The cradle argument in Epicureanism and Stoicism 113; 6. T. Engberg-Pedersen: Discovering the good: oikeiosis and katheconta in Stoic ethics 145; 7. G. Striker: Antipater, or the art of living 185; 8. T. H. Irwin: Stoic and Aristotelian conceptions of happiness 205; 9. M. Hossenfelder: Epicurus - hedonist malgré lui 245;

    Bibliography 265; Index of passages 271; Glossary of Greek and Latin terms 281; General index 283.

  4. Barnes, Jonathan, and Mignucci, Mario, eds. 1988. Matter and Metaphysics. Napoli: Bibliopolis.

    Proceedings of the fourth Symposium Hellenisticum, Pontignano, Italy 1986.

    Contents: Richard Sorabji: The Lays of Ancient Tuscany 9; Gabriele Giannantoni: Introduzione 11; Jacques Brunschwig: La théorie stoïcienne du genre suprême et l'ontologie platonicienne 19; Mario Mignucci: The Stoic notion of relatives 129; Jonathan Barnes: Bits and pieces 223; David Sedley: Epicurean anti-reductionism 295; Malcolm Schofield: The retrenchable present 329; Nicholas Denyer: Stoicism and token reflexivity 375; Anna Maria Ioppolo: Le cause antecedenti in Cicero De fato 40 397; Fernanda Decleva Caizzi: La "materia scorrevole". Sulle tracce di un dibattito perduto 425; Michael Wolff: Hipparchus and the Stoic theory of motion 471; Index locorum 549; Index of names 573; Index of subjects 581; Index of Greek and Latin terms 591-596.

  5. Brunschwig, Jacques, and Nussbaum, Martha, eds. 1993. Passions and Perceptions. Studies in Hellenistic Philosophy of Mind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Fifth Symposium Hellenisticum, Champagnole, 1989.

    Contents: Preface IX; Avant-propos XI-XII;

    Part I. Ethics and Psychology of Edonism 1.

    1. G. Striker: Epicurean hedonism 3; 2. A. Laks: Annicéris et les plaisirs psychiques: quelques prealables doxographiques 7;

    Part II. Atomism and Epichurean Psychology 51.

    3. J. Annas: Epicurus on agency 53; 4. D. Furley: Democritus and Epicurus on sensible qualities 72;

    Part III. The Passions 95.

    5. M. C. Nussbaum: Poetry and the passions: two Stoic views 97; 6. B. Inwood: Seneca and psychological dualism 150; 7. J. Hankinson: Actions and passions: affection, emotion and moral self-management in Galen's philosophical psychology 184;

    Part IV. Stoic Psychological Concepts 223.

    8. J.-L. Labarrière: De la 'nature phantastique' des animaux chez les Stoiciens 225; 9. C. Levy: Le concept de doxa des Stoiciens a Philon d'Alexandrie: essai d'etude diachronique 250; 10. P. Mitsis: Seneca on reason, rules and moral development 285; 11. D. Sedley: Chrysippus on psychophysical causality 313; Bibliography 332; Subject index 334; Name index 346; Index of passages cited 351-364.

  6. Laks, André, and Schofield, Malcolm, eds. 1995. Justice and Generosity. Studies in Hellenistic Social and Political Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Sixth Symposium Hellenisticum, Cambridge, 1992.

    Contents: Preface IX; Introduction 1;

    Part I. Political Philosophy: Development and Transformation.

    1. David E. Hahm: Polybius' applied political theory 7; 2. Jean-Louis Ferrary: The statesman and the law in the political philosophy of Cicero 48; 3. Julia Annas: Aristotelian political theory in the Hellenistic period 74; 4. Carlo Natali: Oikonomia in Hellenistic political thought 95; 5. J. L. Moles: The Cynics and politics 129;

    Part II. The Ethical Framework of Politics and Society.

    6. Antonina Alberti: The Epicurean theory of law and justice 161; 7. Malcolm Schofield: Two Stoic approaches to justice 191; 8. A. A. Long: Cicero's politics in De officiis 213; 9. Brad Inwood: Politics and paradox in Seneca's De beneficiis 249; Bibliography 266; General index 280; Index of Greek and Latin words 285; Index of ancient names and philosophical schools 287; Index of passages 290-291.

  7. Inwood, Brad, and Mansfeld, Jaap, eds. 1997. Assent and Argument. Studies in Cicero's Academic Books. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Seventh Symposium Hellenisticum, Cambridge, 1992.

    Contents: Preface VII; Introduction IX-XI; M. Griffin: The composition of the Academica: motives and versions 1; W. Gõrler: Cicero's philosophical stance in the Lucullus 36; J. Glucker: Socrates in the Academic books and other Ciceronian works 58; T. Dorandi: Gli Academica quale fonte per la storia dell' Academia 89; K. A. Algra: Chrysippus, Carneades, Cicero: the ethical divisiones in Cicero's Lucullus 107; J. Barnes: Logic in Academica I and the Lucullus 140; R. J. Hankinson: Natural criteria and the transparency of judgement: Antiochus, Philo and Galen on epistemological justification 161; J. Allen: Carneadean argument in Cicero's Academic books 217; G. Striker: Academics fighting Academics 257; M. F. Burnyeat: Antipater and self-refutation: elusive arguments in Cicero's Academica 277; Index Nominum et rerum 311; Index locorum potiorum 316-323.

  8. Frede, Dorothea, and Laks, André, eds. 2002. Traditions of Theology. Studies in Hellenistic Theology, Its Background and Aftermath. Leiden: Brill.

    Eighth Symposium Hellenisticum, Villeneuve-d'Asq, 1998.

    Contents: D. Frede, André Laks: Introduction VII-XIV; R. Sharples: Aristotelian Theology after Aristotle 1; D. Sedley: The Origins of Stoic God 41; D. Frede: Theodicy and Providential Care in Stoicism 85; B. Inwood: God and Human Knowledge in Seneca's Natural Questions 119; M. Erler: Epicurus as deus mortalis. Homoiosis theoi and Epicurean Self cultivation 159; D. Obbink: 'All Gods are True' in Epicurus 183; J. Dillon: Plutarch and God: Theodicy and Cosmogony in the Thought of Plutarch 223; E. Spinelli: Sesto Empirico e l'astrologia 239; D. Runia: The beginnings of the end: Philo of Alexandria and Hellenistic Theology 281; Indexes compiled by S. Fazzo and A. Laks: Index Nominum 317; Index Rerum 321; Index Locorum 325-348.

  9. Frede, Dorothea, and Inwood, Brad, eds. 2005. Language and Learning. Philosophy of Language in the Hellenistic Age. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Ninth Symposium Hellenisticum, Hamburg, 2001.

    Contents: List of ontributors VII; Preface IX; List of abbreviations XI; Introduction 1; 1. J. Allen: The Stoics on the origin of language and the foundations of etymology 14; 2. A. A. Long: Stoic linguistics, Plato's Cratylus, and Augustine's De dialectica 36; 3. A. Verlinsky: Epicurus and his predecessors on the origin of language 56; 4. C. Atherton: Lucretius on what language is not 101; 5. I. Sluiter: Communicating Cynicism: Diogenes' gangsta rap 139; 6. C. Brittain: Common sense: concepts, definition and meaning in and out of the Stoa 164; 7. D. Blank: Varro's anti-analogist 210; 8.S. Bobzien: The Stoics on fallacies of equivocation 239; 9. J. Barnes: What is a disjunction? 274; 10. S. Ebbesen: Theories of language in the Hellenistic age and in the twelfth and thirteeenth centuries 299; References 320; Index nominum et rerum 336; Index locorum 341-353.

  10. Ioppolo, Anna Maria, and Sedley, David, eds. 2007. Pyrrhonists, Patricians, Platonizers. Hellenistic Philosophy in the Period 155-86 Bc. Napoli: Bibliopolis.

    Tenth Symposium Hellenisticum, Roma, 2004.

    Contents: A.M. Ioppolo and D. N. Sedley: Introduction 9; J.-L. Ferrary: Les philosophes grecs à Rome (155-86 A V. J.-C.) 17; D. E. Hahm: Critolaus and Late Hellenistic Peripatetic Philosophy 47; T. Tieleman: Panaetius' Place in the History of Stoicism with Special Reference to His Moral Psychology 103; F. Alesse: Il concetto di ousia nel pensiero metafisico e cosmologico di Posidonio: alcune considerazioni su F 92 e 96 EK (= 267 e 268 Th.) 143; J. Annas: Carneades' Classification of Ethical Theories 187; A.M. Ioppolo: L'assenso nella filosofia di Clitomaco: un problema di linguaggio? 225; M. Schofield: Aenesidemus: Pyrrhonist and "Heraclitean" 269; V. Tsouna: Philodemus and the Epicurean Tradition 339; Chronological Table 398; Index locorum 403; Index of ancient names 421; Index of modern authors 427-430.

  11. Algra, Keimpe, and Ioerodakonou, Katerina, eds. 2015. Sextus Empiricus and Ancient Physics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Eleventh Symposium Hellenisticum, Delphi, 2007.

    M = Adversus Mathematicos.

    Contents: Keimpe Algra and Katerina Ierodiakonou: Introduction; 1. Richard Bett: God: M 9.13–194; 2. Michael J. White: Cause: M 9.195–330; 3. Katerina Ierodiakonou: Wholes and parts: M 9.331–358; 4. Gábor Betegh: Body: M 9.359–440; 5. Keinpe Algra: Place: M 10.1–36; 6. R. J. Hankinson: Motion: M 10.37–168; 7. Susanne Bobzien: Time: M 10.169–247; 8. Tad Brennan: Number: M 10.248–309; 9. James Warren: Coming-to-be and passing-away: M 10.310–351.

  12. Annas, Julia, and Betegh, Gábor, eds. 2016. Cicero's De Finibus: Philosophical Approaches. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Twelfth Symposium Hellenisticum, Budapest, 2010.

  13. Dialectic in the Hellenistic Age. 2015.

    Not yet published.

    Thirteenth Symposium Hellenisticum, Pont-à-Mousson, Abbaye des Prémontrés 2013.


On the website "Theory and History of Ontology" (

Index of the Pages on Pages on Medieval Philosophy from the Rediscovery of Aristotle